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Wood Residue Availability and Markets in CanadaCompleted

Project leaders: Cooper, Paul


The project has two main objectives:

1. To determine the amount of wood processing (sawmill) residue currently available from sawmills
in eastern Canada. For the purposes of this study, eastern Canada comprises the provinces of
Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland & Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince
Edward Island. The goal is to develop a theoretical model that can forecast sawmill residue output
on a mill by mill basis. This will allow for prediction and quantification of residues that are
available in a geographic region on an up-to-date basis, rather than depending on incomplete and old
survey data, as collected to varying degrees by the provinces. A number of variables that affect
wood residue output, including type of machinery used, volume and species of wood input, type of
mill, i.e. end products, etc., will be considered for the model.

To achieve this goal there are two objectives that must be met:

1. Develop a database of mill operations within the aforementioned provinces
2. Develop a model to predict the output of the primary sawmill residues under most types of sawing
configurations: bark, sawdust, chips, slabs, & shavings

2. The second objective of the project is to carry out a market assessment for end-products of
sawmill residues. This market study will examine demand for wood fibre both from a domestic
market perspective as well as internationally. An emphasis will be placed on the bioenergy market,
specifically wood pellets. The goal is to assess the status of the wood pellet industry in Canada and
the market demand for pellets domestically and internationally. This assessment is to include an
analysis of sustainability and other wood pellet standards being developed across the world,
especially by European agencies and international energy and trade agencies.

Start date: 2011-04-01 End date: 2012-03-31



For more information on this project, please contact:

Cooper, Paul
University of Toronto
Email: p.cooper@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 946-5078
Fax: (416) 978-3834
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